Animal Health, Production and Hygiene

Guide for Authors

Animal Health, Production and Hygiene

Guide for Authors

Animal Health, Production and Hygiene
Animal Health, Production and Hygiene (Animal Health, Prod and Hyg) is an international journal that publishes original researches and reviews on all aspects of veterinary science involving ruminants, equids, carnivores, poultry, laboratory, marine and exotic animals diseases, zoonoses and public health, basic and preclinical veterinary sciences, animal husbandry, genetics, animal nutrition and nutritional diseases, food hygiene, veterinary medical products and technology. The Editorial Board accepts the manuscripts on the understanding that they have not been published elsewhere and, if accepted, will not be reprinted in whole or in part without the Board's written approval. The manuscripts consist of original research article, short paper, case report, review article and letter to editor. Manuscripts submitted for publication should be written only in English. The manuscript, prepared according to "Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts submitted to “Animal Health, Prod and Hyg ", is not returned to the corresponding author because of the incorrectness of the format.

Peer review

This journal operates a single blind review process. All contributions will be initially assessed by the editor for suitability for the journal. Papers deemed suitable are then typically sent to a minimum of two independent expert reviewers to assess the scientific quality of the paper. The Editor is responsible for the final decision regarding acceptance or rejection of articles. The Editor's decision is final.

  • Original research articles consist of the title, abstract and keywords, introduction, material and methods, results, discussion, conclusion and references and it should not exceed 15 pages (including text, tables, artworks and illustrations).
  • Short papers and case reports are concise but complete description of a limited investigations, which will not be included in a later paper. Short Communications should be as completely documented, both by reference to the literature and description of the experimental procedures employed, as a regular paper. They should not occupy more than 6 printed pages (about 12 manuscript pages, including figures, tables and references).
  • Review article; the editorial board accepts review articles on topics of broad interest from invited authors with acknowledged expertise in their field. For unsolicited Review Articles, it will be asking that the authors have noteworthy studies in their field. The articles should include the title, abstract and keywords, introduction, text and references and it should not exceed 20 pages (including text, tables and illustrations).
  • Letters to editor offering comment, or useful critique on material published in the journal are welcomed. The decision to publish submitted letters rests purely with the Editor-in-Chief. Any letter received, and approved for publication, will be sent to the Corresponding Author of the paper to which it refers for a response. Both letter and response (if received) will then be published together. It is hoped that the publication of such letters will permit an exchange of views which will be of benefit to both the journal and its readers.

Cover letter

The corresponding author must give written assurance that the manuscript has solely to this journal and is not published, in press or is under consideration for publication elsewhere. If authors had an article previously related study, authors are required to declare this in their letter and to enclose copies of those publications for an editorial perusal.

Title Page

  • Title page should be written after cover letter with the following information below:
  • Title. Concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. The abbreviations and formulae where possible should be avoided.
  • Author names and affiliations and ORCID numbers. The given name(s) and family name(s) of each author should be indicated and all names are should be accurately spell-checked. The authors' affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) should be presented below the names. All affiliations with a lowercase superscript letter should be indicated immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address. The full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name and the e-mail address of each author should be provided. Please indicate the ORCID numbers of the authors individually.
  • Correspondence. The corresponding author who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication must be clearly indicated. This responsibility includes answering any future queries about Methodology and Materials. The e-mail address is given and that contact details must be kept up to date by the corresponding author.
  • Present/permanent address. If an author has moved since the work described in the article was done, or was visiting at the time, a 'Present address' (or 'Permanent address') may be indicated as a footnote to that author's name. The address at which the author actually did the work must be retained as the main, affiliation address. Superscript Arabic numerals are used for such footnotes.
  • The authors should acknowledge that if the manuscript has been published in proceedings of conference, symposium etc. elsewhere before.

Animal Experimentation

Circumstances relating to animal experimentation must meet the International Guiding Principles for Biomedical Research Involving Animals as issued by the Council for the International Organizations of Medical Sciences. They are obtainable from: Executive Secretary C.I.O.M.S., c/o WHO, Via Appia, CH-1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland. Unnecessary suffering in animal experimentation is not acceptable to the Editors of the Animal Health, Production and Hygiene. Authors must indicate the nature of ethical approval with the serial number of institutes for a study in the appropriate section of the Materials and Methods of a manuscript. If necessary, editorial board may also request the official document of the ethical commission report.


All manuscripts received are submitted to iThenticate®, a sophisticated plagiarism checking system, which compares the content of the manuscript with a vast database of web pages and academic publications. Manuscripts judged to be plagiarized or self-plagiarized, based on the iThenticate® report or any other source of information, will not be considered for publication. The submissions exceeding 25% similarity index score are generally returned to authors.,

Format of Articles

It is important that the file be saved in the native format of the word processor used. The text should be in single-column format. Articles must be concise and unnecessary duplication of data in text, tables and graphs should be avoided. Allusions to published work must be brief and limited to what is necessary to evaluate the findings in the manuscript.  Before submitting manuscripts, authors are recommended to consult recent issues of the Journal to see the form in which the articles appear.
The manuscripts submitted for publication should be prepared in the format of Times New Roman style, font at 12 pitch, full double spacing throughout and 2.5 cm margins of all edges. Each line should be numbered by using the continuing line numbering facility within the word processing package. The pages should be numbered from “Abstract” section and numbers should be placed on lower right corner of the pages. The legend or caption of all illustrations such as figure, table and graphic must clearly be written and their appropriate position should be indicated in the text. When preparing tables, if table grids are used, only one grid for each individual table should be initiated. If no grid is used, tabs should be processed instead of spaces, to align columns.
To avoid unnecessary errors, it is strongly advised to use the 'spell-check' and 'grammar check' functions of word processor. Manuscripts should have numbered lines, with wide margins and double spacing throughout, i.e. also for abstracts, footnotes and references. Every page of the manuscript, including the title page, references, tables, etc., should be numbered. However, in the text no reference should be made to page numbers; if necessary, one may refer to sections. It is recommended to avoid excessive usage of italics to emphasize part of the text.

The manuscript should normally comprise:

  1. Abstract. A concise and factual abstract is required. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separately from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. For this reason, References should be avoided, but if essential, then cite the author(s) and year(s). Also, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself. The abstract should not be longer than 300 words.
  2. Keywords. Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 5 keywords, using British spelling and avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, 'and', 'of'). Be sparing with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible. These keywords will be used for indexing purposes.
  3.  Introduction. This section should be brief and comprise literature knowledge stating the purpose of the paper. The objectives of the work and provide an adequate background should be stated, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.
  4. Materials and Methods. The authors should describe the detailed knowledges about all experimental techniques and the nature of these controls (including both positive and negative controls). Routine or procedures that have been published previously should not be described in detail, but merely cited with appropriate references.  Any modifications to existing methods should also be described. However, new or significant modifications of previously published procedures need full descriptions.  The sources of special chemicals or preparations should be given along with their location (company name and country). If authors give subheadings in the section, these should be in italic.
  5. Results. This section should include clear and concise textual description of the data collected in the research. Repetition of the same data presented in tables and figures should be avoided.
  6. Discussion. The data should be interpreted concisely without repeating material already presented in the results section. Also, this interpretation should give a new evaluations and new information to the knowledge in that field. The extensive citations and discussion of published literature should be avoided.
  7. Conclusion.  The main conclusions of the study may be presented in a short conclusion section, which should stand alone as a separate section.
  8. Acknowledgement. All person who provided purely technical help, language support, writing assistance or proof reading the article, writing assistance, or a department chair who provided only general support should be listed in this section. The articles derived from thesis or dissertations should be identified if available. Also, the acknowledgments section should include a declaration concerning Funding and any Role of the Funding Source. List funding sources in this standard way to facilitate compliance to funder's requirements. This section should include a declaration concerning Funding and any Role of the Funding Source with Institute/Organization name and Grant number.  If no funding has been provided for the research, please include the following sentence to this section: “This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.”
  9. References. Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Any references cited in the abstract must be given in full. Unpublished results and personal communications are not recommended in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text. If these references are included in the reference list, they should follow the standard reference style of the journal and should include a substitution of the publication date with either 'Unpublished results' or 'Personal communication'. Citation of a reference as 'in press' implies that the item has been accepted for publication. In the text refer to the author's name (without initial) and year of publication. Examples: "Since Peterson (1988) has shown that...", "This is in agreement with results obtained later (Kramer, 1989)". If reference is made in the text to a publication written by more than two authors, the name of the first author should be used followed by "et al.". This indication, however, should never be used in the list of references. In this list names of first author and co-authors should be mentioned. References cited together in the text should be arranged chronologically. The list of references should be arranged alphabetically on authors' names, and chronologically per author. If an author's name in the list is also mentioned with co-authors the following order should be used: publications of the single author, arranged according publication dates – publications of the same author with one co-author – publications of the author with more than one co-author. Publications by the same author(s) in the same year should be listed as 2000a, 2000b, etc.

Reference links

Increased discoverability of research and high-quality peer review are ensured by online links to the sources cited. In order to allow us to create links to abstracting and indexing services, such as Scopus, CrossRef and PubMed, please ensure that data provided in the references are correct. Please note that incorrect surnames, journal/book titles, publication year and pagination may prevent link creation. When copying references, please be careful as they may already contain errors. Use of the DOI is highly encouraged. A DOI is guaranteed never to change, so you can use it as a permanent link to any electronic article. Please note the format of such citations should be in the same style as all other references in the paper.

Web references

As a minimum, the full URL should be given and the date when the reference was last accessed. Any further information, if known (DOI, author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.), should also be given. Web references can be listed separately (e.g., after the reference list) under a different heading if desired, or can be included in the reference list. The web reference list must not contain more than 3 references for letters to the editor, case reports, short communications, review articles, and research articles.

Reference style

The references should be formatted as indicated by American Psychological Association (APA) Style. (Please visit

Text: All citations in the text should refer to:

  1. Single author: the author's name (without initials, unless there is ambiguity) and the year of publication;
  2. Two authors: both authors' names and the year of publication
  3. Three or more authors: first author's name followed by 'et al.' and the year of publication.

Citations may be made directly (or parenthetically). Groups of references can be listed either first alphabetically, then chronologically, or vice versa.
Examples: 'as demonstrated (Kirkan, 2000a, 2000b, 1999; Ulutas and Ozpinar, 2006)…. Or, as demonstrated (Ulutas, 1999; Tatli et al., 2019)… Karaarslan et al. (2018) have recently shown …'

List: References should be arranged first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters 'a', 'b', 'c', etc., placed after the year of publication.


Reference to a journal publication:
Ulutas, P.A., Bayazit, M., Kiral, F., & Bildik, A. (2010). Acute phase protein levels in pregnancy and oestrus cycle in bitches. Research in Veterinary Science, 86(3), 373-376. 10.1016/j.rvsc.2008.09.001

Reference to a journal publication with an article number:
Jerrentrup, A., Mueller, T., Glowalla, U., Herder, M., Henrichs, N., Neubauer, A., & Schaefer, J.R. (2018). Teaching medicine with the help of “Dr. House.” PLoS ONE, 13(3), Article e0193972.

Reference to a journal available online, but not in an issue:
VanDecar J.C., Russo R.M., James D.E., Ambeh W.B., & Franke M. (2003). Aseismic continuation of the Lesser Antilles slab beneath northeastern Venezuela. Journal of Geophysical Research,

Reference to a whole authored book:
Strunk Jr., W., & White, E.B. (2000). The Elements of Style (4th ed.). Longman Publications.

Reference to a whole edited book:
Torino, G.C., Rivera, D.P., Capodilupo, C.M., Nadal, K.L., & Sue, D.W. (Eds.). (2019). Microaggression theory: Influence and implications. John Wiley & Sons.

Reference to several volumes of a multivolume work:
Harris, K.R., Graham, S., & Urdan T. (Eds.). (2012). APA educational psychology handbook (Vols. 1–3). American Psychological Association.

Reference to a chapter in an edited book:
Parin, U., Kirkan, S., & Erbas, G. (2018). Emerging bacterial zoonoses in migratory birds. In J. Kideghesho, & A. Rija (Eds.), Wildlife Management - Failures, Successes and Prospects (pp. 23-41). Intech Open.

Reference to a conference presentation:
Evans, A.C., Jr., Garbarino, J., Bocanegra, E., Kinscherff, R.T., & Márquez-Greene, N. (2019, August 8–11). Gun violence: An event on the power of community [Conference presentation]. APA 2019 Convention, Chicago, IL, United States.

Reference to a dissertation or thesis:
Zambrano-Vazquez, L. (2016). The interaction of state and trait worry on response monitoring in those with worry and obsessive-compulsive symptoms [Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona]. UA Campus Repository.

Reference to a website:
Cancer Research UK (1975). Cancer statistics reports for the UK. (accessed 13 March 2018).

Reference to a dataset:
Oguro, M., Imahiro, S., Saito, S., & Nakashizuka, T. (2015). Mortality data for Japanese oak wilt disease and surrounding forest compositions. [dataset]. Mendeley Data, v1.

Tables and Figures

Tables (Word format) and figures (TIFF format) should be presented separately from the text. The heading or title of the table should be complete so that the reader is able to understand the table without reference to the text. All parts of a table must be double-spaced and set in full-size type. Omit all vertical lines from the table format. Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text and place any table notes below the table body. Be sparing in the use of tables and ensure that the data presented in them, do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article. Please do not use vertical rules and shading in table cells. The table lines should consist of 3 main horizontal lines: 2 on the top and 1 at the bottom. Figures designed to span one or both columns on a page should be 8.2 cm or 16.9 cm wide, respectively. The Submitted figures must be TIFF in format (minimum resolution of 300 dpi for colour and halftones. If several illustrations are grouped into a composite plate, the figure numbers should be appeared directly at the lower left corner. Legends to all illustrations submitted should be shown separately and, where appropriate, should state the stain and magnification.


If your electronic artwork is created in a Microsoft Office application (Word, PowerPoint, Excel) then please supply 'as is' in the native document format. Regardless of the application used other than Microsoft Office, when your electronic artwork is finalized, please 'Save as' or convert the images to one of the following formats (note the resolution requirements for line drawings, halftones, and line/halftone combinations given below):

  • EPS (or PDF): Vector drawings, embed all used fonts.
  • TIFF (or JPEG): Colour or grayscale photographs (halftones), keep to a minimum of 300 dpi.
  • TIFF (or JPEG): Bitmapped (pure black & white pixels) line drawings, keep to a minimum of 1000 dpi.
  • TIFF (or JPEG): Combinations bitmapped line/half-tone (colour or grayscale), keep to a minimum of 300 dpi.

Nomenclatures, Symbols, Unit, and Abbreviations

Authors and editors are, by general agreement, obliged to accept the rules governing biological
nomenclature, as laid down in the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature, the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria, and the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. All biotica (crops, plants, insects, birds, mammals, etc.) should be identified by their scientific names when the English term is first used, with the exception of common domestic animals. All biocides and other organic compounds must be identified by their Geneva names when first used in the text. Active ingredients of all formulations should be likewise identified. Nomenclatures and abbreviations should follow the guidelines in the instructions to authors of journals SI units (System International Unites) and IUPA-IUB Commission.

Submission of Manuscripts

Manuscript (main text, figures and tables) in separate files should be sent to the below link

Page Proof Corrections

After the manuscript is accepted, page proofs will be sent to the author via e-mail from the date that the article was submitted to the publisher. Proofs should be checked for typographical errors in 7-15 days. Please ensure that all tables and figures (including their headers, content, and alignment) are correct. Proofreading solely relies upon the authors’ responsibility.

Copyright Assignment

Upon the submission of the manuscript in the journal, corresponding author must send dully signed “copyright assignment form” to the editor via e mail.